Friday, June 19, 2009


bootadm– manage bootability of GRUB-enabled operating system

The bootadm command manages the boot archive and, with x86 boot environments, the GRUB (GRand Unified Bootloader) menu.

The set-menu subcommand allows you to switch the auto-boot timeout and default boot entry in the GRUB menu.

The list-menu subcommand displays the location of the GRUB menu and the current GRUB menu entries. While the typical location of the GRUB menu is /boot/grub/menu.lst, depending on the install method used the active GRUB menu might be located somewhere else. Use the list-menu subcommand to locate the active GRUB menu. For example, if a system was installed using Live Upgrade, the GRUB menu might not be located in the current boot environment. See the EXAMPLES section for typical output from the list-menu option.

Note that OpenBoot PROM (OBP)-based machines, such as SPARC systems, do not use GRUB and have no boot menu manageable by bootadm.

The bootadm command has the following subcommands:


Maintain the GRUB menu. The current GRUB menu is boot/grub/menu.lst, relative to root. Do not depend on this location, because it is subject to change. Applies to x86 platforms only.


Lists the location of the active GRUB menu, as well as the current GRUB menu entries. This includes the autoboot-timeout, the default entry number, and the title of each entry. Applies to x86 platforms only.


Possible values are:


The item number (for example, 0, 1, or 2) in the GRUB menu designating the operating system to boot when the timer expires.


The number of seconds before the operating system designated by the default item number is booted. If the value is –1, auto boot is disabled.


Example 1 Updating the Current Boot Archive

The following command lists the installed operating system instances in a GRUB menu:

# bootadm list-menu

(0) Solaris10
(1) Solaris10 Failsafe
(2) Linux

Example 2 Switching Default Boot Entry

The following command refers to the menu displayed in the previous example. The user selects Linux (item 2).

# bootadm set-menu default=2

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